Introduction to Amazon Web Services (AWS)

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Amazon Web Services (AWS ) is the world’s most comprehensive and broadly adopted cloud platform, offering over 200 fully-featured services from data centers.

AWS has customers in over 190 countries worldwide, including 5000 ed-tech institutions and 2000 government organizations. Many companies like ESPN, Adobe, Twitter, Netflix, Facebook, BBC, etc., use AWS services.

What is AWS?

Amazon Web Services

AWS is a comprehensive, evolving cloud computing platform provided by Amazon that includes a mixture of infrastructure as a service (IaaS), platform as a service (PaaS), and packaged software as a service (SaaS) offerings. It allows you to select your desired solutions while you pay for exactly the services you consume only.

History of AWS

  • In the year 2002 – AWS services were launched
  • In the year 2006- AWS cloud products were launched
  • In the year 2012 – AWS had its first customer event
  • In the year 2015- AWS achieved $4.6 billion
  • In the year 2016- Surpassed the $10 billion revenue target
  • In the year 2016- AWS snowball and AWS snowmobile were launched
  • In the year 2019- Released approximately 100 cloud services

Who is the CEO of AWS?

Andrew R. Jassy is an American businessman who has been the president and CEO of Amazon since July 5, 2021. Jassy has led Amazon Web Services since its inception in 2003. He replaced Jeff Bezos as president and CEO of Amazon on July 5, 2021, and Bezos became executive chairman.

Applications of AWS

AWS enables businesses to build a number of sophisticated applications. Organizations of every industry and of every size can run every imaginable use case on AWS. Here are some of the most common applications of AWS:

1. Storage and Backup

One of the reasons why many businesses use AWS is because it offers multiple types of storage to choose from and is easily accessible as well. It can be used for storage and file indexing as well as to run critical business applications.

2. Websites

Businesses can host their websites on the AWS cloud, similar to other web applications. 

3. Gaming

There is a lot of computing power needed to run gaming applications. AWS makes it easier to provide the best online gaming experience to gamers across the world.

4. Mobile, Web and Social Applications

A feature that separates AWS from other cloud services is its capability to launch and scale mobile, e-commerce, and SaaS applications. API-driven code on AWS can enable companies to build uncompromisingly scalable applications without requiring any OS and other systems.

Introduction to Amazon Web Services (AWS)

Advantages of AWS

1. Flexibility

  • We can get more time for core business tasks due to the instant availability of new features and services in AWS.
  • It provides effortless hosting of legacy applications. AWS does not require learning new technologies and migration of applications to the AWS provides the advanced computing and efficient storage.
  • AWS also offers a choice that whether we want to run the applications and services together or not. We can also choose to run a part of the IT infrastructure in AWS and the remaining part in data centres.

2. Cost-effectiveness

AWS requires no upfront investment, long-term commitment, and minimum expense when compared to traditional IT infrastructure that requires a huge investment.

3. Scalability/Elasticity

Through AWS, autoscaling and elastic load balancing techniques are automatically scaled up or down, when demand increases or decreases respectively. AWS techniques are ideal for handling unpredictable or very high loads. Due to this reason, organizations enjoy the benefits of reduced cost and increased user satisfaction.

4. Security

  • AWS provides end-to-end security and privacy to customers.
  • AWS has a virtual infrastructure that offers optimum availability while managing full privacy and isolation of their operations.
  • Customers can expect high-level of physical security because of Amazon‘s several years of experience in designing, developing and maintaining large-scale IT operation centers.
  • AWS ensures the three aspects of security, i.e., Confidentiality, integrity, and availability of user’s data.
Amazon Web Services
Amazon Web Services

What are the services provided by AWS?

Each type of service in this “What is AWS” blog, is categorized under a domain, the few domains which are widely used are:

  • Compute
  • Storage
  • Database
  • Migration
  • Network and Content Delivery
  • Management Tools
  • Security & Identity Compliance
  • Messaging

Compute Services

The Compute domain includes services related to compute workloads, it includes the following services:

  • EC2 (Elastic Compute Cloud)
  • Lambda
  • Elastic Beanstalk
  • Amazon LightSail

Storage Services

The Storage domain includes services related data storage, it includes the following services:

  • S3 (Simple Storage Service)
  • Elastic Block Store
  • Amazon Glacier
  • AWS Snowball

Database Services

The Database domain is used for database related workloads, it includes the following services:

  • Amazon Aurora
  • Amazon RDS
  • Amazon DynamoDB
  • Amazon RedShift

Migration Services

The Migration domain is used for transferring data to or from the AWS Infrastructure, it includes the following services:

Introduction to Amazon Web Services (AWS)
  • AWS Database Migration Service
  • AWS SnowBall

Networking and Content Delivery Services

The Networking and Content Delivery domain is used for isolating your network infrastructure, and content delivery is used for faster delivery of content. It includes the following services:

  • Amazon Route 53
  • AWS CloudFront

Management Tools

The Management Tools domain consists of services that are used to manage other services in AWS, it includes the following services:

  • AWS CloudWatch
  • AWS CloudFomation
  • AWS CloudTrail

Security & Identity, Compliance Services

The Security & Identity, Compliance domain consists of services that are used to manage to authenticate and provide security to your AWS resources. It consists of the following services:

  • AWS IAM
  • AWS KMS
  • AWS Shield

Messaging Services

The Messaging domain consists of services that are used for queuing, notifying, or emailing messages. It consists of the following domains:

  • Amazon SQS
  • Amazon SNS
  • Amazon SES
  • Amazon Pinpoint
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