Ceil and Floor functions in C++

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The floor and ceiling functions map a real number to the greatest preceding or the least succeeding integer, respectively.

floor(x) : Returns the largest integer that is smaller than or equal to x (i.e : rounds downs the nearest integer).

// Here x is the floating point value.
// Returns the largest integer smaller 
// than or equal to x 
double floor(double x)  

Examples of Floor:

Input : 3.5
Output : 3

Input : -3.1
Output : -4

Input : 1.9
Output : 1
// C++ program to demonstrate floor function #include <iostream> #include <cmath> using namespace std; // Driver function int main() { // using floor function which return // floor of input value cout << "Floor is : " << floor(3.3) << endl; cout << "Floor is : " << floor(-3.3) << endl; return 0; }
Code language: C++ (cpp)

Output:

Floor is : 3
Floor is : -4

ceil(x) : Returns the smallest integer that is greater than or equal to x (i.e : rounds up the nearest integer).

// Here x is the floating point value.
// Returns the smallest integer greater 
// than or equal to x 
double ceiling(double x)  

Examples of Ceil:

Input : 29.5
Output : 30

Input : -23.1
Output : -24

Input : 21.9
Output : 22
// C++ program to demonstrate ceil function #include <iostream> #include <cmath> using namespace std; int main() { // using ceil function which return // floor of input value cout << " Ceil is : " << ceil(3.3) << endl; cout << " Ceil is : " << ceil(-6.3) << endl; return 0; }
Code language: C++ (cpp)

Output:

Ceil is : 4
Ceil is : -7

This article is contributed by Ravi Gupta. If you like Techarge and would like to contribute, you can also write an article using https://techarge.in/start-blogging-with-us/ or mail your article to [email protected] . See your article appearing on the Techarge home page and help other to learn. 🙂

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